Many of the major challenges facing global health need a One Health approach to both better understand the threats and seek some of the answers. These challenges include food and water safety and security as the population grows ever larger, the threats faced by antimicrobial resistance, and the future challenge of global climate change.

Indeed vector-borne diseases that continue to cause major outbreaks such as yellow fever, Zika and West Nile viruses are excellent examples of zoonotic diseases at the human, animal and environmental interfaces, and which may be particularly susceptible to further spread due to increased global warming.

To capture this multifaceted One Health paradigm, the organizers of the 5th International One Health Congress have developed a unique congress concept. World experts will showcase recent advances in pathogen discovery, diagnostics, drivers for emerging infections, vaccinology, ecology, food and water safety, and political and social science. In response to WHO's warning that antimicrobial resistance is a global societal challenge and threat, the conference will have a separate programme track dedicated to AMR. Additionally, the conference will have a tailor-made programme for public health officials and government representatives.